Welcome to Nature worldwide with the birds of this country or territory. Many of our tables are coded for abundance and presence. If letters in foreign languages show as "?", go to "view" in your browser, change your character encoding to "Western ISO 8859-1" or "Western European". For printing a paper copy to take with you to your destination: here is how you can print a table. To learn about how we acquired the information, see our Methodology page. Click here if you are curious about who we are. We have about 2000 pages, not only on birds but also on, mammals and national parks as well as nature related links by country. For the list of mammals or national parks of this country or for the links, press the related country link at the bottom of the page. National Parks in developing countries need YOUR help. Learn more about the most important rescue effort ever made to rescue nature and about our crusade to rescue nature in the tropics from annihilation!

Birds of Turkey

Birds of Turkey coded for abundance, breeding, migration, wintering, endemic, rare, etc.; 2000 pages on birds, nature, birdwatching, where to go birding, birds and nature pictures, nature conservation, equipment, bird feeding, etc. Welcome to the bird list of Turkey.

Turkey is home to an impressive number of species of birds that vary from residents, that stay all year around, to breeding birds, that spend a good part of the growing season in Turkey to raise their young, migrants who pass through Turkey with the seasons, to wintering birds who like to spend a good part of the winter in Turkey to escape colder conditions up north. While many species of birds are relatively common as they are part of the ecosystems of the state, it is always a thrill to stumble upon a rare bird or vagrant, that does not really form part of any the Turkey ecosystems. Maybe it got lost during its travels between its summer and winter residence or it got displaced by bad weather.

Among the species of the checklist of the birds of Turkey you can find  waterfowl and wading birds, a large suite of song birds, raptors, game birds, swifts and nighthawks, etc., many of which occupy several ecosystems simultaneously, as they fly to and from forests, meadows, shorelines of waters, cities and and urban green spaces. At Birdlist, we have developed a coding system that can help you predict when you may expect a certain species, with a code for seasonality, such as resident, nesting, wintering, etc. A code for abundance will give you a clue on the likelihood that you may actually see a certain species of bird. As we progressed with the coding, we realized that there should be a differentiation in the coding for "common", such as less common, common and very common birds. However, this would require reliable quantative data, which for most states, are not revealed by the commission of bird records. We hope to provide those in the future. In the meantime, enjoy the current checklist of the birds of Turkey.







Alectoris chukar



Francolinus francolinus

Black Francolin


Perdix perdix

Grey Partridge


Coturnix coturnix

Common Quail


Phasianus colchicus

Common Pheasant or Ring-necked Pheasant


Oxyura leucocephala

White-headed Duck


Cygnus olor

Mute Swan


Cygnus cygnus

Whooper Swan


Anser albifrons

Greater White-fronted Goose


Anser anser

Greylag Goose


Tadorna ferruginea

Ruddy Shelduck


Tadorna tadorna

Common Shelduck


Anas strepera



Anas penelope

Eurasian Wigeon


Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard or common Mallard


Anas clypeata

Northern Shoveler


Anas acuta

Northern Pintail or Pintail


Anas querquedula



Anas crecca

Common Teal Green-winged Teal


Marmaronetta angustirostris

Marbled Teal


Netta rufina

Red-crested Pochard


Aythya ferina

Common Pochard


Aythya nyroca

Ferruginous Pochard


Aythya fuligula

Tufted Duck


Aythya marila

Greater Scaup


Aythya affinis

Lesser Scaup


Melanitta fusca

White-winged Scoter or Velvet Scoter


Bucephala clangula

Common Goldeneye


Mergellus albellus



Clamator glandarius

Great Spotted Cuckoo


Cuculus canorus

Common Cuckoo


Columba livia

Rock Pigeon or Feral Pigeon


Columba oenas

Stock Pigeon or Stock Dove


Columba palumbus

Common Wood-Pigeon


Streptopelia turtur

European Turtle-Dove


Streptopelia senegalensis

Laughing Dove


Streptopelia decaocto

Eurasian Collared-Dove


Tetrax tetrax

Little Bustard


Otis tarda

Great Bustard


Chlamydotis undulata

Houbara Bustard


Grus virgo

Demoiselle Crane


Grus grus

Common Crane


Rallus aquaticus

Water Rail


Porphyrio porphyrio

Purple Swamphen


Gallinula chloropus

Common Moorhen or Moorhen


Fulica atra

Common Coot or Eurasian Coot or Coot


Pterocles orientalis

Black-bellied Sandgrouse


Scolopax rusticola

Eurasian Woodcock


Gallinago gallinago

Common Snipe


Lymnocryptes minimus

Jack Snipe


Limosa limosa

Black-tailed Godwit


Numenius arquata

Eurasian Curlew


Tringa erythropus

Spotted Redshank


Tringa totanus

Common Redshank


Tringa nebularia

Common Greenshank


Tringa ochropus

Green Sandpiper


Tringa hypoleucos

Common Sandpiper


Calidris alba



Calidris minuta

Little Stint


Calidris alpina



Philomachus pugnax



Burhinus oedicnemus

Eurasian Thick-knee


Haematopus ostralegus

Eurasian or Common Oystercatcher


Himantopus himantopus

Black-winged Stilt


Recurvirostra avosetta

Pied Avocet or Avocet


Pluvialis apricaria

Eurasian Golden-Plover


Pluvialis squatarola

Grey Plover


Charadrius hiaticula

Common Ringed Plover


Charadrius dubius

Little Ringed Plover


Charadrius alexandrinus

Kentish Plover or Snowy Plover


Charadrius leschenaultii

Greater Sand Plover


Vanellus vanellus

Northern Lapwing


Vanellus spinosus

Spur-winged Lapwing


Vanellus indicus

Red-wattled Lapwing or Plover


Glareola pratincola

Collared Pratincole


Larus canus

Mew Gull or Common Gull


Larus audouinii

Audouin's Gull


Larus cachinnans

Yellow-legged Gull


Larus ridibundus

Common Black-headed Gull


Larus melanocephalus

Mediterranean Gull


Larus minutus

Little Gull


Gelochelidon nilotica

Gull-billed Tern


Sterna caspia

Caspian Tern


Sterna hirundo

Common Tern


Sterna albifrons

Little Tern


Chlidonias hybridus

Whiskered Tern


Chlidonias leucopterus

White-winged Tern or White-winged Black Tern


Chlidonias niger

Black Tern


Pernis apivorus

European Honey-buzzard or Honey Buzzard


Milvus migrans

Black Kite


Haliaeetus albicilla

White-tailed Eagle


Gypaetus barbatus



Neophron percnopterus

Egyptian Vulture


Gyps fulvus

Eurasian Griffon


Aegypius monachus

Cinereous Vulture or European Black Vulture


Circaetus gallicus

Short-toed Snake-Eagle or Short-toed-Eagle


Circus aeruginosus

Western or Eurasian Marsh-Harrier


Circus cyaneus

Northern or Hen Harrier


Circus pygargus

Montagu's Harrier


Accipiter brevipes

Levant Sparrowhawk


Accipiter nisus

Eurasian Sparrowhawk or Northern Sparrowhawk or Sparrow Hawk


Accipiter gentilis

Northern Goshawk or Goshawk


Buteo buteo

Common Buzzard or Japanese Buzzard


Buteo rufinus

Long-legged Buzzard


Buteo lagopus

Rough-legged Hawk


Aquila pomarina

Lesser Spotted Eagle


Aquila clanga

Greater Spotted Eagle or Spotted Eagle


Aquila heliaca

Imperial Eagle


Aquila chrysaetos

Golden Eagle


Hieraaetus fasciatus

Bonelli's Eagle


Hieraaetus pennatus

Booted Eagle


Falco naumanni

Lesser Kestrel


Falco tinnunculus

Common or Eurasian Kestrel


Falco eleonorae

Eleonora's Falcon


Falco columbarius



Falco subbuteo

Eurasian Hobby


Falco biarmicus

Lanner Falcon


Falco cherrug

Saker Falcon


Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon


Tachybaptus ruficollis

Little Grebe


Podiceps grisegena

Red-necked Grebe


Podiceps cristatus

Great Crested Grebe


Podiceps nigricollis

Black-necked Grebe or Eared Grebe


Phalacrocorax pygmeus

Pygmy Cormorant


Phalacrocorax carbo

Great Cormorant


Phalacrocorax aristotelis

European Shag


Egretta garzetta

Little Egret


Ardea cinerea

Grey Heron


Ardea purpurea

Purple Heron


Casmerodius albus

Great Egret or Great White Egret


Bubulcus ibis

Cattle Egret


Ardeola ralloides

Squacco Heron


Nycticorax nycticorax

Black-crowned Night-Heron


Ixobrychus minutus

Little Bittern


Botaurus stellaris

Great Bittern


Phoenicopterus ruber

Greater Flamingo


Plegadis falcinellus

Glossy Ibis


Geronticus eremita

Waldrapp or Bald Ibis


Platalea leucorodia

Eurasian Spoonbill or White Spoonbill


Pelecanus onocrotalus

Great White Pelican or Eastern White Pelican


Pelecanus crispus

Dalmatian Pelican


Ciconia nigra

Black Stork


Ciconia ciconia

White Stork


Gavia stellata

Red-throated Loon


Gavia arctica

Arctic Loon


Puffinus yelkouan

Mediterranean Shearwater


Phylloscopus maculipennis

Ashy-throated Warbler


Petronia petronia

Rock Sparrow


Fringilla montifringilla



Serinus pusillus

Fire-fronted Serin


Rhynchostruthus socotranus

Golden-winged Grosbeak


Carduelis monguilloti

Vietnam Greenfinch or Vietnamese Greenfinch


Carduelis dominicensis

Antillean Siskin


Carduelis flavirostris



Callacanthis burtoni

Spectacled Finch


Rhodopechys mongolica

Mongolian Finch


Loxia scotica

Scottish Crossbill


Pyrrhula erythaca

Grey-headed Bullfinch or Beavan's Bullfinch


Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Eurasian Bullfinch


Latoucheornis siemsseni

Slaty Bunting


Emberiza stewarti

Chestnut-breasted Bunting


Emberiza koslowi

Tibetan Bunting or Kozlov's Bunting


Emberiza jankowskii

Rufous-backed Bunting or Janowski's Bunting


Emberiza buchanani

Grey-necked Bunting


Emberiza cineracea

Cinereous Bunting


Emberiza hortulana

Ortolan Bunting


Emberiza cabanisi

Cabanis's Bunting


Emberiza pallasi

Pallas's Bunting


Emberiza yessoensis

Ochre-rumped Bunting or Japanese Reed Bunting


Megapodius tenimberensis

Tanimbar Scrubfowl


Megapodius forstenii

Forsten's Megapode


Thank you for visiting Nature Worldwide on Turkey. In this linked net of country pages you can find lists of birds, nature, mammals and national parks. Birds of Turkey provides a checklist of the birds of Turkey. It is a complete birdlist or bird list listing all the birds of Turkey in ornithological taxonomic order. In Nature of Turkey you can find nature related websites, like on birding, birdwatching, general ornithology, nature, nature conservation, national parks, protected areas, nature reserves, etc. In Mammals of Turkey you can find the list of the mammals of Turkey in taxonomic order. National parks, Nature reserves and Protected areas of Turkey provides you with list of all the national parks and other protected areas of Turkey.  Click on the following links for our web pages on Turkey.



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