NATURE WORLDWIDE: BIRDS

WORLD INSTITUTE FOR CONSERVATION & ENVIRONMENT, WICE

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BIRDS OF NEW BRUNSWICK, CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF NEW BRUNSWICK

OISEAUX DE NEW BRUNSWICK

  Abundance Codes

D

Distribution range deducted from map, not actual record.

P

Present, abundance not determined.

C

Within its range, varying from common to occasional

O

Rare, wandered outside of its normal range but still may be expected from time to time. Between 10 - 100 records.

V

Vagrant, accidental, species far out of its normal distribution range. >10 records.

I

Introduced species.

Q

Not verified.

X

Extinct.

XL

Extinct in country

Status of Permanence Codes

R

Resident, present  year around.

N

Nests in the area but absent during part of the year.

M

Migrant, non-breeding. May spend a short period or the entire winter.

W

Wintering; stays in the area, while its primary nesting range is elsewhere.

E

National endemic.

*

National bird.

How to safe and print a list

New Brunswick is home to an impressive number of species of birds that vary from residents, that stay all year around, to breeding birds, that spend a good part of the growing season in New Brunswick to raise their young, migrants who pass through New Brunswick with the seasons, to wintering birds who like to spend a good part of the winter in New Brunswick to escape colder conditions up north. While many species of birds are relatively common as they are part of the ecosystems of the province, it is always a thrill to stumble upon a rare bird or vagrant, that does not really form part of any the New Brunswick ecosystems. Maybe it got lost during its travels between its summer and winter residence or it got displaced by bad weather.

Among the species of the checklist of the birds of New Brunswick you can find  waterfowl and wading birds, a large suite of songbirds, raptors, game birds, swifts and nighthawks, etc., many of which occupy several ecosystems simultaneously, as they fly to and from forests, meadows, shorelines of waters, cities and and urban green spaces. At Birdlist, we have developed a coding system that can help you predict when you may expect a certain species, with a code for seasonality, such as resident, nesting, wintering, etc. A code for abundance will give you a clue on the likelihood that you may actually see a certain species of bird. As we progressed with the coding, we realized that there should be a differentiation in the coding for "common", such as less common, common and very common birds. However, this would require reliable quantative data, which for most provinces, are not revealed by the commission of bird records. We hope to provide those in the future. In the meantime, enjoy the current checklist of the birds of New Brunswick.

 

CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF NEW BRUNSWICK

OISEAUX DE NEW BRUNSWICK

Species full name

Birds

Oiseaux

CNB

Phasianus colchicus

Common Pheasant

Faisan de Colchide

CRI

Bonasa umbellus

Ruffed Grouse

Gélinotte huppée

CR

Oxyura jamaicensis

Ruddy Duck

Érismature rousse

O

Anser caerulescens

Snow Goose

Oie des neiges

V

Branta canadensis

Canada Goose

Bernache du Canada

M

Branta leucopsis

Barnacle Goose

Bernache nonnette

V

Branta bernicla

Brent Goose

Bernache cravant

O

Aix sponsa

Wood Duck

Canard branchu

M

Anas strepera

Gadwall

Canard chipeau

M

Anas penelope

Eurasian Wigeon

Canard siffleur

O

Anas americana

American Wigeon

Canard d'Amérique

M

Anas rubripes

American Black Duck

Canard noir

M

Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard

Canard colvert

M

Anas discors

Blue-winged Teal

Sarcelle à ailes bleues

M

Anas clypeata

Northern Shoveler

Canard souchet

M

Anas acuta

Northern Pintail

Canard pilet

M

Anas crecca

Common Teal

Sarcelle d'hiver

M

Aythya valisineria

Canvasback

Fuligule à dos blanc

V

Aythya americana

Redhead

Fuligule à tête rouge

V

Aythya collaris

Ring-necked Duck

Fuligule à collier

M

Aythya fuligula

Tufted Duck

Fuligule morillon

V

Aythya marila

Greater Scaup

Fuligule milouinan

M

Aythya affinis

Lesser Scaup

Petit Fuligule

M

Somateria spectabilis

King Eider

Eider à tête grise

V

Histrionicus histrionicus

Harlequin Duck

Arlequin plongeur

M

Clangula hyemalis

Long-tailed Duck

Harelde kakawi

M

Melanitta nigra

Black Scoter

Macreuse noire

M

Melanitta perspicillata

Surf Scoter

Macreuse à front blanc

M

Melanitta fusca

White-winged Scoter

Macreuse à ailes blanches

M

Bucephala islandica

Barrow's Goldeneye

Garrot d'Islande

V

Bucephala albeola

Bufflehead

Petit Garrot

M

Lophodytes cucullatus

Hooded Merganser

Harle couronné

M

Mergus serrator

Red-breasted Merganser

Harle huppé

M

Mergus merganser

Common Merganser

Grand Harle

M

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Red-headed Woodpecker

Pic à tête rouge

V

Melanerpes carolinus

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Pic à ventre roux

V

Sphyrapicus varius

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Pic maculé

M

Picoides pubescens

Downy Woodpecker

Pic mineur

C

Picoides villosus

Hairy Woodpecker

Pic chevelu

R

Picoides arcticus

Black-backed Woodpecker

Pic à dos noir

V

Colaptes auratus

Northern Flicker

Pic flamboyant

M

Dryocopus pileatus

Pileated Woodpecker

Grand Pic

M

Megaceryle alcyon

Belted Kingfisher

Martin-pêcheur d'Amérique

M

Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Black-billed Cuckoo

Coulicou à bec noir

C

Coccyzus americanus

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coulicou à bec jaune

C

Chaetura pelagica

Chimney Swift

Martinet ramoneur

O

Archilochus colubris

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Colibri à gorge rubis

M

Bubo virginianus

Great Horned Owl

Grand-duc d'Amérique

C

Nyctea scandiaca

Snowy Owl

Harfang des neiges

C

Strix varia

Barred Owl

Chouette rayée

M

Aegolius acadicus

Saw-whet Owl

Petite Nyctale

V

Asio otus

Long-eared Owl

Hibou moyen-duc

C

Asio flammeus

Short-eared Owl

Hibou des marais

O

Chordeiles minor

Common Nighthawk

Sykes's Warbler

V

Columba livia

Rock Dove

Pigeon biset

R

Zenaida macroura

Mourning Dove

Tourterelle triste

R

Grus canadensis

Sandhill Crane

Grue du Canada

V

Rallus limicola

Virginia Rail

Râle de Virginie

O

Porzana carolina

Sora

Marouette de Caroline

M

Gallinula chloropus

Common Moorhen

Gallinule poule-d'eau

V

Fulica americana

American Coot

Foulque d'Amérique

O

Scolopax minor

American Woodcock

Bécasse d'Amérique

O

Gallinago gallinago

Common Snipe

Bécassine des marais

M

Limosa haemastica

Hudsonian Godwit

Barge hudsonienne

V

Numenius phaeopus

Whimbrel

Courlis corlieu

O

Bartramia longicauda

Upland Sandpiper

Maubèche des champs

V

Tringa melanoleuca

Greater Yellowlegs

Grand Chevalier

M

Tringa flavipes

Lesser Yellowlegs

Petit Chevalier

M

Tringa solitaria

Solitary Sandpiper

Chevalier solitaire

O

Actitis macularia

Spotted Sandpiper

Chevalier grivelé

M

Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Willet

Chevalier semipalmé

M

Arenaria interpres

Ruddy Turnstone

Tournepierre à collier

M

Limnodromus griseus

Short-billed Dowitcher

Bécassin roux

M

Limnodromus scolopaceus

Long-billed Dowitcher

Bécassin à long bec

V

Calidris canutus

Red Knot

Bécasseau maubèche

V

Calidris alba

Sanderling

Bécasseau sanderling

M

Calidris pusilla

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Bécasseau semipalmé

M

Calidris minutilla

Least Sandpiper

Bécasseau minuscule

M

Calidris fuscicollis

White-rumped Sandpiper

Bécasseau à croupion blanc

M

Calidris bairdii

Baird's Sandpiper

Bécasseau de Baird

V

Calidris melanotos

Pectoral Sandpiper

Bécasseau à poitrine cendrée

M

Calidris maritima

Purple Sandpiper

Bécasseau violet

M

Calidris alpina

Dunlin

Bécasseau variable

M

Calidris himantopus

Stilt Sandpiper

Bécasseau à échasses

V

Tryngites subruficollis

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Bécasseau roussâtre

V

Phalaropus lobatus

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalarope à bec étroit

V

Pluvialis dominica

American Golden-Plover

Pluvier bronzé

V

Pluvialis squatarola

Grey Plover

Pluvier argenté

M

Charadrius semipalmatus

Semipalmated Plover

Pluvier semipalmé

M

Charadrius vociferus

Killdeer

Pluvier kildir

M

Charadrius melodus

Piping Plover

Pluvier siffleur

M

Stercorarius pomarinus

Pomarine Jaeger

Labbe pomarin

V

Stercorarius parasiticus

Parasitic Jaeger

Labbe parasite

V

Larus delawarensis

Ring-billed Gull

Goéland à bec cerclé

R

Larus marinus

Great Black-backed Gull

Goéland marin

R

Larus livens

Yellow-footed Gull

Goéland de Cortez

M

Larus hyperboreus

Glaucous Gull

Goéland bourgmestre

V

Larus glaucoides

Iceland Gull

Goéland arctique

M

Larus argentatus

Herring Gull

Goéland argenté

R

Larus fuscus

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Goéland brun

O

Larus ridibundus

Black-headed Gull

Mouette rieuse

O

Larus philadelphia

Bonaparte's Gull

Mouette de Bonaparte

M

Larus minutus

Little Gull

Mouette pygmée

V

Pagophila eburnea

Ivory Gull

Mouette blanche

V

Sterna caspia

Caspian Tern

Sterne caspienne

O

Sterna dougallii

Roseate Tern

Sterne de Dougall

V

Sterna hirundo

Common Tern

Sterne pierregarin

M

Sterna paradisaea

Arctic Tern

Sterne arctique

O

Chlidonias niger

Black Tern

Guifette noire

V

Alle alle

Dovekie

Mergule nain

V

Uria aalge

Common Murre

Guillemot marmette

M

Uria lomvia

Thick-billed Murre

Guillemot de Brünnich

V

Alca torda

Razorbill

Petit Pingouin

M

Cepphus grylle

Black Guillemot

Guillemot à miroir

M

Fratercula arctica

Atlantic Puffin

Macareux moine

M

Pandion haliaetus

Osprey

Balbuzard pêcheur

M

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Bald Eagle

Pygargue à tête blanche

C

Circus cyaneus

Northern Harrier

Busard Saint-Martin

M

Accipiter striatus

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Épervier brun

M

Accipiter cooperii

Cooper's Hawk

Épervier de Cooper

O

Accipiter gentilis

Northern Goshawk

Autour des palombes

M

Buteo lineatus

Red-shouldered Hawk

Buse à épaulettes

V

Buteo platypterus

Broad-winged Hawk

Petite Buse

M

Buteo jamaicensis

Red-tailed Hawk

Buse à queue rousse

M

Buteo lagopus

Rough-legged Hawk

Buse pattue

M

Aquila chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

Aigle royal

V

Falco sparverius

American Kestrel

Crécerelle d'Amérique

M

Falco columbarius

Merlin

Faucon émerillon

M

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

Faucon pèlerin

M

Podilymbus podiceps

Pied-billed Grebe

Grèbe à bec bigarré

M

Podiceps grisegena

Red-necked Grebe

Grèbe jougris

M

Podiceps auritus

Horned Grebe

Grèbe esclavon

M

Morus bassanus

Northern Gannet

Fou de Bassan

M

Phalacrocorax auritus

Double-crested Cormorant

Cormoran à aigrettes

M

Phalacrocorax carbo

Great Cormorant

Grand Cormoran

M

Egretta caerulea

Little Blue Heron

Aigrette bleue

V

Egretta thula

Snowy Egret

Aigrette neigeuse

V

Ardea herodias

Great Blue Heron

Grand Héron

M

Bubulcus ibis

Cattle Egret

Héron garde-boeufs

V

Butorides virescens

Green Heron

Héron vert

V

Nycticorax nycticorax

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Bihoreau gris

M

Ixobrychus exilis

Least Bittern

Petit Blongios

V

Botaurus lentiginosus

American Bittern

Butor d'Amérique

M

Plegadis falcinellus

Glossy Ibis

Ibis falcinelle

V

Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture

Urubu à tête rouge

O

Gavia stellata

Red-throated Loon

Plongeon catmarin

M

Gavia immer

Common Loon

Plongeon huard

M

Puffinus gravis

Great Shearwater

Puffin majeur

M

Puffinus griseus

Sooty Shearwater

Puffin fuligineux

M

Puffinus lherminieri

Audubon's Shearwater

Puffin d'Audubon

O

Oceanites oceanicus

Wilson's Storm-Petrel

Océanite de Wilson

O

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Leach's Storm-Petrel

Océanite cul-blanc

O

Contopus virens

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Pioui de l'Est

W

Empidonax flaviventris

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Moucherolle à ventre jaune

W

Empidonax alnorum

Alder Flycatcher

Moucherolle des aulnes

W

Empidonax minimus

Least Flycatcher

Moucherolle tchébec

M

Sayornis phoebe

Eastern Phoebe

Moucherolle phébi

M

Myiarchus crinitus

Great Crested Flycatcher

Tyran huppé

V

Tyrannus verticalis

Western Kingbird

Tyran de l'Ouest

V

Tyrannus tyrannus

Eastern Kingbird

Tyran tritri

M

Lanius excubitor

Northern Shrike

Pie-grièche grise

O

Vireo solitarius

Blue-headed Vireo

Viréo à tête bleue

M

Vireo philadelphicus

Philadelphia Vireo

Viréo de Philadelphie

O

Vireo olivaceus

Red-eyed Vireo

Viréo aux yeux rouges

M

Vireo gilvus

Eastern Warbling-Vireo

Viréo mélodieux

V

Cyanocitta cristata

Blue Jay

Geai bleu

R

Perisoreus canadensis

Grey Jay

Mésangeai du Canada

M

Corvus brachyrhynchos

American Crow

Corneille d'Amérique

R

Corvus corax

Common Raven

Grand Corbeau

R

Bombycilla garrulus

Bohemian Waxwing

Jaseur boréal

M

Bombycilla cedrorum

Cedar Waxwing

Jaseur d'Amérique

M

Sialia sialis

Eastern Bluebird

Merlebleu de l'Est

O

Myadestes townsendi

Townsend's Solitaire

Solitaire de Townsend

V

Catharus fuscescens

Veery

Grive fauve

W

Catharus ustulatus

Swainson's Thrush

Grive à dos olive

M

Catharus guttatus

Hermit Thrush

Grive solitaire

M

Hylocichla mustelina

Wood Thrush

Grive des bois

V

Turdus migratorius

American Robin

Merle d'Amérique

R

Oenanthe oenanthe

Northern Wheatear

Traquet motteux

V

Sturnus vulgaris

Common Starling

Étourneau sansonnet

C

Dumetella carolinensis

Grey Catbird

Moqueur chat

M

Mimus polyglottos

Northern Mockingbird

Moqueur polyglotte

O

Toxostoma rufum

Brown Thrasher

Moqueur roux

O

Sitta canadensis

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine rousse

M

Sitta carolinensis

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sittelle à poitrine blanche

M

Certhia americana

Brown Creeper

Grimpereau brun

M

Cistothorus palustris

Marsh Wren

Troglodyte des marais

V

Thryothorus ludovicianus

Carolina Wren

Troglodyte de Caroline

V

Troglodytes troglodytes

Winter Wren

Troglodyte mignon

M

Polioptila caerulea

Blue-grey Gnatcatcher

Gobemoucheron gris-bleu

V

Poecile atricapillus

Black-capped Chickadee

Mésange à tête noire

R

Poecile hudsonicus

Boreal Chickadee

Mésange à tête brune

M

Tachycineta bicolor

Tree Swallow

Hirondelle bicolore

M

Progne subis

Purple Martin

Hirondelle noire

V

Riparia riparia

Sand Martin

Hirondelle de rivage

M

Hirundo rustica

Barn Swallow

Hirondelle rustique

M

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Cliff Swallow

Hirondelle à front blanc

M

Regulus calendula

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne rubis

M

Regulus satrapa

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Roitelet à couronne dorée

M

Eremophila alpestris

Horned Lark

Alouette hausse-col

O

Passer domesticus

House Sparrow

Moineau domestique

M

Anthus rubescens

American Pipit

Pipit d'Amérique

O

Carduelis pinus

Pine Siskin

Tarin des pins

M

Carduelis tristis

American Goldfinch

Chardonneret jaune

M

Carduelis flammea

Common Redpoll

Sizerin flammé

M

Carpodacus purpureus

Purple Finch

Roselin pourpré

C

Carpodacus mexicanus

House Finch

Roselin familier

M

Pinicola enucleator

Pine Grosbeak

Durbec des sapins

M

Loxia curvirostra

Red Crossbill

Bec-croisé des sapins

O

Loxia leucoptera

White-winged Crossbill

Bec-croisé bifascié

M

Hesperiphona vespertina

Evening Grosbeak

Gros-bec errant

M

Calcarius lapponicus

Lapland Longspur

Bruant lapon

V

Plectrophenax nivalis

Snow Bunting

Bruant des neiges

M

Passerella iliaca

Fox Sparrow

Bruant fauve

O

Melospiza melodia

Song Sparrow

Bruant chanteur

C

Melospiza lincolnii

Lincoln's Sparrow

Bruant de Lincoln

M

Melospiza georgiana

Swamp Sparrow

Bruant des marais

M

Zonotrichia albicollis

White-throated Sparrow

Bruant à gorge blanche

M

Zonotrichia leucophrys

White-crowned Sparrow

Bruant à couronne blanche

M

Junco hyemalis

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco ardoisé

C

Passerculus sandwichensis

Savannah Sparrow

Bruant des prés

M

Spizella arborea

American Tree Sparrow

Bruant hudsonien

M

Spizella passerina

Chipping Sparrow

Bruant familier

M

Spizella pusilla

Field Sparrow

Bruant des champs

V

Pooecetes gramineus

Vesper Sparrow

Bruant vespéral

V

Chondestes grammacus

Lark Sparrow

Bruant à joues marron

V

Pipilo chlorurus

Green-tailed Towhee

Tohi à queue verte

V

Vermivora peregrina

Tennessee Warbler

Paruline obscure

V

Vermivora celata

Orange-crowned Warbler

Paruline verdâtre

V

Vermivora ruficapilla

Nashville Warbler

Paruline à joues grises

M

Parula americana

Northern Parula

Paruline à collier

M

Dendroica petechia

Yellow Warbler

Paruline jaune

N

Dendroica pensylvanica

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Paruline à flancs marron

M

Dendroica magnolia

Magnolia Warbler

Paruline à tête cendrée

M

Dendroica tigrina

Cape May Warbler

Paruline tigrée

M

Dendroica caerulescens

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Paruline bleue

M

Dendroica coronata

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Paruline à croupion jaune

M

Dendroica townsendi

Townsend's Warbler

Paruline de Townsend

V

Dendroica virens

Black-throated Green Warbler

Paruline à gorge noire

M

Dendroica fusca

Blackburnian Warbler

Paruline à gorge orangée

M

Dendroica dominica

Yellow-throated Warbler

Paruline à gorge jaune

V

Dendroica graciae

Grace's Warbler

Paruline de Grace

M

Dendroica palmarum

Palm Warbler

Paruline à couronne rousse

M

Dendroica striata

Blackpoll Warbler

Paruline rayée

M

Mniotilta varia

Black-and-white Warbler

Paruline noir et blanc

M

Setophaga ruticilla

American Redstart

Paruline flamboyante

M

Protonotaria citrea

Prothonotary Warbler

Paruline orangée

V

Seiurus aurocapillus

Ovenbird

Paruline couronnée

M

Seiurus noveboracensis

Northern Waterthrush

Paruline des ruisseaux

M

Oporornis philadelphia

Mourning Warbler

Paruline triste

M

Geothlypis trichas

Common Yellowthroat

Paruline masquée

M

Wilsonia pusilla

Wilson's Warbler

Paruline à calotte noire

M

Wilsonia canadensis

Canada Warbler

Paruline du Canada

O

Icteria virens

Yellow-breasted Chat

Paruline polyglotte

V

Piranga olivacea

Scarlet Tanager

Tangara écarlate

V

Piranga ludoviciana

Westfern Tanager

Tangara à tête rouge

V

Spiza americana

Dickcissel

Dickcissel d'Amérique

V

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Cardinal à poitrine rose

M

Pheucticus melanocephalus

Black-headed Grosbeak

Cardinal à tête noire

V

Cardinalis cardinalis

Northern Cardinal

Cardinal rouge

M

Guiraca caerulea

Blue Grosbeak

Guiraca bleu

V

Passerina cyanea

Indigo Bunting

Passerin indigo

V

Icterus galbula

Baltimore Oriole

Oriole du Nord

O

Icterus spurius

Orchard Oriole

Oriole des vergers

V

Agelaius phoeniceus

Red-winged Blackbird

Carouge à épaulettes

C

Sturnella magna

Eastern Meadowlark

Sturnelle des prés

V

Quiscalus quiscula

Common Grackle

Quiscale bronzé

M

Euphagus carolinus

Rusty Blackbird

Quiscale rouilleux

M

Molothrus ater

Brown-headed Cowbird

Vacher à tête brune

O

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Bobolink

Goglu des prés

O

Falcipennis canadensis

Spruce Grouse

Tétras du Canada

V

Picoides dorsalis

American Three-toed Woodpecker

V

Phalaropus tricolor

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalarope de Wilson

V

Ardea alba

Great Egret

Grande Aigrette

O

Contopus cooperi

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Moucherolle à côtés olive

W

Catharus bicknelli

Bicknell's Thrush

V

 

Birds of NEW BRUNSWICK, a checklist of the birds of NEW BRUNSWICK. Oiseaux de NEW BRUNSWICK. The information from BIRDLIST is based on research from from literature, the official national checklists of the birds, information from birdwatchers and extrapolation of our own data. On this checklist of the birds of NEW BRUNSWICK the presence and abundance of each bird is coded with our standardized system.